When neither the Insurance Company nor the Claimant Can Produce the Original Disability Policy, the Burden is on the Plaintiff to Prove the Terms of His or Her Policy
Author: Attorney Rachel Alters
Be Sure To Maintain a Copy of Your Original Disability Policy
It is extremely important to make sure you maintain a copy of your disability policy once it is initially provided by your insurance company. If your policy is lost, it is possible that your insurance company may be able to provide you with a copy, but they are not obligated to do so, nor are they obligated to maintain one. In order to make sure that your insurance company abides by the terms of your policy, it is pertinent that you keep your policy in a safe place where it can be found several years down the road should you need to file a claim. Claimants often misplace their policy and rely on the insurance company to provide them with a copy. However, more often than not, the insurance company does not retain a copy of the policy. Courts tend to rule that it is the plaintiff’s burden to prove the terms of his or her policy, and if they cannot produce the policy, then the ruling is often in the favor of the insurance company.
In the recent case of Beasley et al v. Unum out of the Eastern District of Michigan, the Plaintiff was insured under an ERISA governed plan with Unum and became disabled in 1979. Unum paid his benefits for several years and then terminated them once the Plaintiff turned 65. The Plaintiff appealed the decision and then brought suit against Unum claiming that the original policy did not contain a provision terminating benefits at age 65, claiming the benefits were to be paid throughout his lifetime. Unum did not have a copy of the original policy, but argued that the specimen policy states benefits terminate at age 65. Unfortunately for the Plaintiff, he also could not produce a copy of the original policy, arguing that it was Unum’s burden to maintain a copy of the policy as well as to establish the terms and conditions of the policy. The Court disagreed, granting summary judgment for the Defendant, Unum, holding that the Plaintiff has the burden to establish entitlement to benefits. Therefore, the plaintiff was not entitled to receive any benefits beyond age 65 from Unum in accordance with the terms of the specimen policy.
The above case demonstrates how important it is to maintain a copy of your original policy and not to rely on your employer or insurance carrier to do so. If you fail to do so you could lose your rights to your disability benefits.